Practical analysis for investment professionals
01 July 2016

Weekend Reads from India: Zeno’s Paradox, Rolls-Royce, and Qualified Advisers

Posted In: Weekend Reads

Weekend Reads from India: Zeno’s Paradox, Rolls-Royce, and Qualified Advisers

The Japanese word for crisis is inherently pragmatic: 危機, pronounced “kiki.” It has two Chinese characters: The first denotes danger, but the second indicates opportunity. The Mandarin word — “weiji,” 危机 — has a similar construction, denoting a “turning point.”

In the financial markets, the turning points between danger and opportunity have been seamless and illusory. These transitions have been a perennial source of intoxicating bull runs and painful crashes. Market upheavals, such as the current Brexit-induced tremors, highlight the important role investment advisers play in helping clients avoid making counterproductive decisions.

My recent interactions with wealth managers in India gave me an engaging contrast to the broader difficulties of the investment world. A Bengaluru member shared his experience with the increasing demand for wealth planning from India’s young millionaires. While the ranks of Indian millionaires are growing at a rapid pace, those of Indian advisers are not keeping up. Finding an Indian adviser is not easy, and finding qualified ones harder still. India has 185,000 US dollar millionaires and a 24-million strong middle class but fewer than 500 registered investment advisers. New talent is unwilling to take up the advisory track given the current hurdles, among them the significant financial outlay and the extended period of time it takes to break even.

Other barriers to growth are clients’ unwillingness to pay hard cash for advisory services unless they experience tangible performance. And performance takes time. It is an injustice to the investment adviser’s role that monetary gain rather than sound advice is used as the yardstick for client acquisition and success. The issue of available data is not a trivial one, either. For a market in which available price information on listed equities is limited to the last 20 to 25 years, even on an ex-post basis, the simulations and conclusions have inherent limitations.

Another problem is the nature of the advisory function. Those who understand it appreciate the universal difficulty and near impossibility of picking the right active manager. Given these challenges, a senior regulator wondered if investment advisers had any future at all during a recent CFA Institute co-sponsored event in India.

How then does an adviser demonstrate value? While there may not be a magic formula, building trust through a deep understanding of client needs, educating the end investor on market offerings, transparency, being a co-investor in recommendations, and internet-based advisory are goals that seem to be working well with many established managers.

While the difficulties that investment advisers face in India are here to stay and may even increase, they are not insurmountable provided the end investor is kept informed. India is growing and is poised to be reclassified as a “lower-middle income country.” Aspirations are on the rise. Indeed, the country may well become a top market for Rolls-Royce once again. The growing demand for investment advisers in India makes it one of the fastest growing markets in the wealth management space.

Below is a list of interesting reads. If I had to recommend my top two, I would go with “Zeno’s Paradox” and “Tread Softly on Our Dreams: Advertising Must Protect Consumers from Profiteering.

Happy reading and enjoy the weekend.

Wisdom on the Markets



Light Reading

If you liked this post, don’t forget to subscribe to the Enterprising Investor.

All posts are the opinion of the author. As such, they should not be construed as investment advice, nor do the opinions expressed necessarily reflect the views of CFA Institute or the author’s employer.

Image credit: ©

About the Author(s)
Shreenivas Kunte, CFA, CIPM

Shreenivas Kunte, CFA, CIPM, is director of content at CFA Institute, where he contributes financial market insights about India and the developed world. Previously, he taught at and managed SP Jain’s Trade and Applied Research lab, which he helped found. Kunte also served as a country trading strategist at Citigroup’s Tokyo office. He actively contributes to the development sector in India and is an external research scholar at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.

Ethics Statement

Beyond the easier to understand, important codes of conduct, “Ethics” for me is awareness; an endeavor for right thought and action.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.