A. Michael Lipper, CFA, is president of Lipper Advisory Services, Inc., a firm providing money management services for wealthy families, retirement plans and charitable organizations. A former president of the New York Society of Security Analysts, he created the Lipper Growth Fund Index, the first of today’s global array of Lipper Indexes, averages and performance analyses for mutual funds. After selling his company to Reuters in 1998, Lipper has focused his energy on managing the investments of his clients and his family. His first book, Money Wise: How to Create, Grow and Preserve Your Wealth, was published by St. Martin's Press. Lipper’s unique perspectives on world markets and their implications have been posted weekly on his blog since August, 2008.
Abby Farson Pratt is an assistant editor at CFA Institute. Previously, she worked at the Denver Post and at the University of North Carolina Press. Pratt earned the Claritas™ Investment Certificate and holds a BA in journalism and English from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alon Bochman, CFA, is managing partner of Stepwise Capital, a New York‐based investment partnership that combines value investing principles with statistical methods to create a portfolio of differentiated strategies that seek to systematically exploit structural market inefficiencies. Previously, he spent two years managing an equity portfolio for SC Fundamental. Bochman began his career as a programmer by co-founding a social networking software firm eventually sold to Thomson-Reuters. He holds an MBA from Columbia Business School and a BA from the University at Albany.
Andrew Dassori is the Chief Investment Officer of Wavelength Capital Management, an independent alternative investment firm based in New York. Prior to founding Wavelength, Dassori was a portfolio manager at Credit Suisse focused on global macro investment strategies. While there he was also a member of the firm’s Global Citizens Program through which he worked at Equity Bank in Nairobi where he was responsible for a team building default risk models for microfinance loans, and represented the bank in meetings with the IMF, World Bank and other economic policy institutions. Dassori received a BSc from the London School of Economics.
Andrew Perrins is CEO and co-founder of Savvy Investor, a professional network for institutional investors, which curates pension and investment research and white papers from around the web. After qualifying as an Actuary in 1987, Perrins worked as Director of Global Asset Allocation for Abbey Life and Chase Manhattan Bank.

The “Relatively” Easy Way to Forecast Long-Term Returns

The "Relatively" Easy Way to Forecast Long-Term Returns

Why bother with long-term return expectations? For asset owners or asset managers compiling a strategic asset allocation, long-term forecasts are relevant and necessary. When combined with estimates for risk and correlation, these forecasts allow investors to fine-tune their long-term benchmarks and consider trade-offs between asset classes to enhance the implied risk and return profile of the fund. Read more

Anjali Pradhan, CFA, began her career in asset management working for PIMCO, Goldman Sachs, and HSBC. She has held various positions, first in portfolio management and then transitioning to marketing and business development. In addition, Pradhan is co-founder of a consultancy group called Dahlia Capital Advisory that works to match impact investors with innovative social enterprises, improve financial literacy for all types of investors, and helps in marketing SRI funds to investors. Pradhan holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree in Finance from the John Molson School of Business at Concordia University in Montreal.
April J. Rudin, Founder and President of The Rudin Group, is an expert at the intersection of wealth marketing, next gen, and digital/social platforms. She regularly advises financial institutions on strategies and tactics to attract and engage with wealthy clients-multi-generationally. April is a consultant to global financial services firms in North America, Asia, and the Middle East, and she is a frequent contributor to Huffington Post, Family Wealth Report, Fundfire and others on trends, commentary and insight to wealth marketing.
Arnold T. Davis, CFA, is an executive at Accenture, Chicago.
Bob Dannhauser, CFA, is head of capital markets policy at CFA Institute. He oversees development and promotion of positions, policies, and standards to ensure integrity of global capital markets. Dannhauser also oversees the external relations and communications functions for advocacy and standards of professional conduct activities.
Brian Langenberg, CFA, is the founder at award-winning industry sector research firm Langenberg & Company that provides research services and subscription products to institutional investors and corporate executives. Reports and subscriptions are available at
Bruce Grantier, CFA, is founder of
Bud Haslett, CFA, is executive director of the Research Foundation of CFA Institute and head of risk management and derivatives. Previously, he served as director of option analytics at Miller Tabak + Co., LLC, and as CEO of Miller Tabak Capital Management. Haslett also spent two decades on the options trading floor, where he managed portfolios of stocks and options. He also served as a board member of the New York Society of Security Analysts, chairman of the Board of Regents for the Financial Analysts Seminar, and president of the CFA Society of Philadelphia. Haslett was an active volunteer for CFA Institute, having served in a variety of capacities, including as a CFA exam grader and member of the Council of Examiners. He has also taught coursework on options at New York University, Johns Hopkins University, and Rutgers. Haslett is the founding chairman of the derivatives committee for the New York Society of Security Analysts and is a member of the Institutional Investor Advisory Committee for the Chicago Board Options Exchange. He has conducted option presentations and workshops at more than 50 CFA Institute societies. Haslett holds master’s degrees from the University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University, and he has earned the Financial Risk Manager designation. Topical Expertise: Derivatives · Risk Management

CFA Institute

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Roundup: India Investment Conference — The Road Ahead for India and Emerging Economies

India Investment Conference 2014

A collection of highlights from Fourth Annual India Investment Conference. Different sessions at the event explored different views on the tapering of quantitative easing in the United States, specified challenges and key factors in sustaining economic growth in India, predicted future trends of the rupee, highlighted how the global energy landscape is affecting local oil prices, and issued a wake-up call for practitioners regarding ethical issues facing finance industry. Read more

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Charles D. Ellis, CFA, is chairman of the Whitehead Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Charlie Henneman, CFA, is head of educational events and programs at CFA Institute. Previously, he was the director of structuring and operations at Indosuez Capital, the CDO (collateralized debt obligation) management group of Credit Agricole Indosuez. Henneman previously held several positions in credit and structured finance, including managing director at advisory boutique AGS Financial, senior vice president and chief credit officer in the new products and ventures group at Enhance Financial Services Group, Inc., and director in the new assets group on Standard & Poor's structured finance ratings team. He holds a BA in political science from the University of Rochester and an MBA in finance from the New York University Stern School of Business.

Cheryl Evans

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Cheryl Evans, JD, LLM, is director of conferences in Educational Events and Programs at CFA Institute. She has also served on the Future of Finance team and was a senior investigator in the Professional Conduct Program at CFA Institute.
Chetan G. Shah, CFA, is senior portfolio manager at Religare Invesco Asset Management Company, Mumbai, India.

Book Review: Advanced Equity Derivatives

Advanced Equity Derivatives: Volatility and Correlation

Sébastien Bossu reviews important concepts and recent developments in option pricing and modeling, including the latest generation of equity derivatives: volatility and correlation derivatives. Readers should have some familiarity with basic equity derivatives pricing and advanced mathematics because this book references the Black–Scholes model and other formulas for exotics. Read more

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Chae Kwang Lee, CFA, was director of industry relations, Asia Pacific, at CFA Institute. He has also worked as the head of research and strategy at Korea Investment and Securities, where he did strategy marketing for institutional investors and arranged corporate IR for overseas clients. Previously, Lee worked as a chief investment officer at both KDB Asset Management Co., Ltd. and Eugene Asset Management Co., Ltd. He holds a master’s of economics degree with a concentration in econometrics and labor economics from Seoul National University, Korea.
Colin McLean, FSIP, is founder and CEO at SVM Asset Management, an independent Edinburgh-based fund management group. He is a member of CFA Institute and was elected to the Board of Governors in 2012. McLean is a fellow of the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries and a chartered fellow of the Chartered Institute for Securities & Investment. In 2012, McLean was appointed an honorary professor at Heriot-Watt University, lecturing in behavioral finance. He is a regular contributor to financial publications and has been a guest on Bloomberg TV & Radio, CNBC, BBC TV and Radio. McLean is also a frequent conference speaker on investment, hedge funds and behavioral finance.
Craig Sullivan, CFA, is an investment analyst at Franklin Street Partners, where he is responsible for the portfolio management of the core fixed-income and opportunistic credit strategies. Previously, he worked in portfolio management at Merrill Lynch in the private client group. Sullivan holds the Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst (CAIA) designation and is a graduate of North Carolina State University.

The “Unknown Unknowns” of the Contingent Convertible Market

The "Unknown Unknowns" of the Contingent Convertible Market

The financial crisis of 2008–2009 highlighted weaknesses in the way banks calculated both their capital ratios and risk-weighted assets (RWAs). Prior to the crisis, banks held too little capital on their balance sheets and did not hold enough liquid funds. These shortcomings led the banks to have large write-downs during the crisis, which in many cases required state intervention to allow the banks to remain solvent. Read more

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Daniel Kim is founder and chief investment officer at Blackcrane Capital, an investment management firm based in Bellevue, Washington. Previously, he was a portfolio manager and partner at Mastholm Asset Management.
David L. Allison, CFA, CIPM, is vice president and founding partner at Allison Investment Management, LLC. He has formal training in investment analysis, portfolio management, and investment performance measuring techniques. Allison has extensive experience managing investment portfolios for high net-worth investors. He is an active member of CFA Institute, the CIPM Association, CFA North Carolina, and the CFA Society of South Carolina, where he is a former president and currently serves on the board of directors. Allison also serves on the Coastal Carolina University Wall College of Business Finance Advisory Board. He holds of degree in finance from the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
David Larrabee, CFA, is director of Member and Corporate Products at CFA Institute and serves as the subject matter expert in portfolio management and equity investments. Previously, he spent two decades in the asset management industry as a portfolio manager and analyst. He holds a BA in economics from Colgate University and an MBA in finance from Fordham University. Topical Expertise: Equity Investments · Portfolio Management

Fed Watch: Preparing for Liftoff

It has been nearly a decade since the US Federal Reserve last raised its Fed Funds rate, which may help to explain the apprehension among financial market participants who wonder how markets will react when the Fed finally decides to move its benchmark rate up from the current 0% to 0.25% range. Earlier this week, we asked CFA Institute Financial NewsBrief readers when they expect the Fed to hike interest rates. Not surprisingly, opinions were divided. Read more

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David Schawel, CFA, is a fixed-income portfolio manager in Raleigh, North Carolina, and Durham, North Carolina. Previously, he worked in New York City in both investment banking and equity research.

Delme Thompson

2 Posts
Dennis McLeavey, CFA, was head of regulator and program recognition, as well as a content director for quantitative methods at CFA Institute. He is professor emeritus of finance and management science at the University of Rhode Island. McLeavey has also served as head of education, EMEA, at CFA Institute and as head of curriculum development for the CFA Program. He is coauthor of Quantitative Investment Analysis, a Wiley text in the CFA Institute Investment Series. He also coauthored Global Investments, Production Planning and Inventory Control, and Operations Research for Management Decisions, and is coeditor of Managing Investor Portfolios. His research has been published in Management Science, the Journal of Operations Research, and the Journal of Portfolio Management, among others. McLeavey has taught at the University of Western Ontario and the University of Rhode Island. He has served as chairperson of the CFA Institute Retirement Investment Policy Committee and as a New York Stock Exchange arbitrator. In 2008, he initiated the CFA Institute Take 15 series of webcasts. He serves on the Fund Advisory Board for the Global Perspectives Fund at the University of North Carolina Kenan-Flegler Business School, and he oversees the Ram Fund at the University of Rhode Island. McLeavey holds a bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of Western Ontario and a doctorate in production management and industrial engineering, with a minor in mathematics, from Indiana University.

Detetecting Earnings Manipulation and Fraud: A Light Tutorial on Probit Analysis

Detetecting Earnings Manipulation and Fraud: A Light Tutorial on Probit Analysis

Lies, damned lies, and earnings management. If 20% of firms misrepresent economic reality through earnings management, analysts and portfolio managers must protect themselves by knowing how, why, and when individuals lie. Quantitative methods with forensic formulas, such as the Beneish model, offer part of the necessary skills to distinguish earnings manipulation from earnings management. Read more


Desi Allevato

3 Posts
Desi Allevato is a product development manager at CFA Institute. Previously she worked at Silverchair Science and Communications, the Virginia Center for Digital History, and the Virginia Historical Society. She earned the Claritas™ Investment Certificate and holds a BA in history and international studies from American University and an MA in modern European history from the University of Virginia.
Diego Espinosa runs Sistema Research, a consulting firm that applies a complex systems approach to strategic uncertainty. He also teaches security analysis at the University of San Diego, and he authored a chapter for a book on the Fed’s role in the 2008 crisis. Espinosa formerly managed a hedge fund, was a portfolio manager of a global equity fund at Scudder, ran European research for Sanford Bernstein, and was a number one–ranked analyst at Morgan Stanley. He started his career at the Boston Consulting Group. Espinosa holds an MBA from the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.

Donald Ingham

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Donald Ingham is a director at Tenth Avenue Holdings (TAH) and a portfolio manager of the TAH Core Fund. He holds a BBA in accounting and management information systems from the University of Georgia, an MBA from Columbia University, and a master’s degree in professional accounting from the University of Texas at Austin.

Warren Buffett: Activist Investor?

Warren Buffett: Activist Investor?

Much like today’s most notorious activist investors, Warren Buffett made a name for himself by identifying market inefficiencies that could be exploited for the benefit of his investors and public shareholders. But unlike the corporate raiders of the 1980s, Buffett wasn’t out to tear companies down. In fact, he wanted to help build them up.
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Dorothy C. Kelly, CFA, is director of training and outreach for the CFA Institute Professional Conduct Program.

The Facebook IPO: Ethical Violations or Not?

More than a year has passed since the initial public offering of Facebook. The hype that preceded the US$105 billion IPO was matched only by the media frenzy that followed the stock’s botched trading debut and immediate price decline. Headlines alleged conspiracy, insider trading, and selective disclosure. We’re asking readers to participate in an online survey and tell us whether they think there were ethical violations. Read more

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Dr. E. Ted Prince, Founder and CEO of the Perth Leadership Institute, has also been CEO of several other companies, both public and private. He is the author of two books: “The Three Financial Styles of Very Successful Leaders” (McGraw-Hill, 2005) and “Business Personality and Leadership Success”, Amazon Kindle 2011, as well as numerous other publications. He is a frequent speaker at industry conferences. He works with large corporations globally on leadership development programs, and he coaches senior executives and teams in the area of financial leadership and innovation. He has held the position of Visiting Professor at the University of Florida in its Graduate Business School and also at the Shanghai University of Finance and Economics in China.

Ed Bace, CFA

6 Posts
Ed Bace, CFA, was previously head of education for the Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA) region at CFA Institute. He has also served as a professor of finance at BPP Business School. Bace has more than 20 years of experience in international finance, including roles with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Lehman Brothers, and Standard & Poor’s. He holds an MBA in finance and international business from New York University.
Eric Petroff, CFA, is the founder of Petroff Institutional. He has more than a decade of institutional consulting experience across virtually all client types, having served as a senior consultant and shareholder at Hammond Associates and as a director of research and chief strategist at Wurts & Associates. In addition to his CFA, Eric holds the Financial Risk Manager (FRM) and Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst (CAIA) designations, and has an MBA with an emphasis in finance from Webster University.
Filip Mardjokic, CFA, works at an investment fund in New York where he is member of the strategy and analytics team and sits on the economics and equity committees. He holds a BA in economics and political science from New York University.
Florian Schneider, CFA is Head of Product Research & Development within the Strategic Product & Marketing department at Pioneer Investments. Schneider oversees the Luxembourg-domiciled product range, from Idea Generation and Innovation, to Product Development and Management. Prior to this role, he worked as Product Manager for Activest from 2005 until 2008, and became responsible for Product Research when Activest was taken over by Pioneer Invesments. Schneider is a graduate of the University of Applied Sciences Deggendorf (2005) in Business Administration - specialising in Financial Services.
Gary C. Sanger is a distinguished professor of finance at Louisiana State University. He received a BSIM degree with honors in economics from Purdue University in 1973 and a Ph.D. in finance from Purdue University in 1980. Dr. Sanger also holds the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation. Prior to joining LSU, he was assistant professor of finance at Ohio State University. At LSU, Dr. Sanger has served as associate dean for academic programs and chair of the department of finance. His research has been published in leading academic journals, including the Journal of Finance, the Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, the Review of Financial Studies, and the Financial Analysts Journal. Dr. Sanger is a member of the American Finance Association, the Financial Management Association, the Society for Financial Studies, and CFA Institute. He is a member and past director of the Southern Finance Association.
James Grant is the editor of Grant’s Interest Rate Observer, which he founded in 1983.
Gregg S. Fisher, CFA, is chief investment officer of Gerstein Fisher, an independent investment management and advisory firm that he founded in 1993. Gerstein Fisher’s investment strategies are focused on what has been proven to have a meaningful impact on investor returns: global diversification, smart portfolio structure, proactive tax management, investor behavior, and risk management. Through the Gerstein Fisher Research Center, which he established in 2009, he has partnered with leading academics in the areas of finance, risk engineering and economics to conduct research that has immediate, real-world applicability to the practice of investing. Fisher is a Certified Financial Planner. To read more about him, visit
Gustavo Teruel is a partner at Exxacon, a Spanish-Chilean company that manages investments in real assets for institutions and high net worth individuals since 1998. Apart from earning the CFA Charter, Mr. Teruel completed a M.Sc. in Civil Engineering at the University of Granada and an MBA at IE Business School.
Hamlin Lovell, CFA, is Contributing Editor for The Hedge Fund Journal, which he has written for since 2010 and he also contributes to the Dow Jones publication EFinancialNews. Until 2013 he was a portfolio manager at IMQubator. Previously, he worked at London-based currency manager Millennium Global Investments as co-manager of a fund of funds. Lovell also carried out hedge fund research for Duration Asset Management and The Capital Partnership. He has also done equity analysis for independent research house Ideaglobal and economic analysis for the UK Government. In addition, Lovell has written blog posts for the AllAboutAlpha thought forum that is owned by the CAIA Association. He has served as a grader for the CFA exams, and he contributes to CAIA curriculum development. Lovell also holds the CAIA (Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst), FRM (Financial Risk Manager) and IMC (Investment Management Certificate) designations. He holds an economics degree from the University of Leicester.
Heather Packard is the director of product development at CFA Institute and serves as the subject matter expert in leadership, management, and communication skills (LMCS). Previously, she was the managing partner at Trilogy Corporation of Virginia, where she was responsible for developing and cultivating a regional territory for telecommunications and network integration sales. Packard also served as the coordinator of collections for the Science and Engineering Libraries at the University of Virginia. She holds an BA in English and Spanish Literature from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and an MA in Spanish Literature from the University of Virginia. Topical Expertise: Leadership, Management, and Communication Skills
Jan Squires, CFA, is managing director of the Strategic Products and Technology Division at CFA Institute. Most recently he served as managing director of Asia-Pacific Operations, and he also served as head of Exam Development for the CFA Program. Previously, Squires was a professor of finance and general business at Southwest Missouri State University, where he published research in such publications as Financial Practice and Education, the Journal of Education, and the Journal of Economics and Finance. He was a member volunteer and consultant for CFA Institute for more than 10 years before joining the staff. Squires holds a doctorate in business administration from the Darden School at the University of Virginia.
Janet J. Mangano, formerly a senior portfolio manager with PNC Wealth, is in Short Hills, New Jersey.

Book Review: Invest with the Fed

Invest with the Fed

This book provides overwhelming evidence that heeding the Fed’s signals can enhance portfolio performance. The authors provide backtested proof of success in investing in equities side by side with the Fed. Their insightful, analytical discussions will inspire readers to begin implementing the recommended strategies, which can make a huge, positive difference in portfolio performance over long periods, across economic cycles, and under a variety of monetary conditions. Read more

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Jason Voss, CFA, is a content director at CFA Institute, where he focuses on fixed income, behavioral finance, corporate finance, and quantitative methods. He is the author of The Intuitive Investor, and he also ran a successful blog titled What My Intuition Tells Me Now. Previously, Voss was a portfolio manager at Davis Selected Advisers, L.P., where he co-managed the Davis Appreciation and Income Fund. He holds a BA in economics and an MBA in finance and accounting from the University of Colorado. Topical Expertise: Behavioral Finance · Corporate Finance · Fixed Income
Jeannette Showalter, CFA, is a commodities futures and managed futures specialist, working with institutions and individuals. She is an AP with Walsh Asset Management headquartered in Chicago. Previously, Showalter worked as an institutional manager for People's Bank (the bank's account); family wealth office management; and risk arbitrage at Paine Webber. She was the Money and Investing columnist for Florida Weekly ( 2010 -2015). Showalter earned her MBA (Magna Cum Laude) from New York University in 1978, and her undergraduate degree from the University of Connecticut in 1974.
Jennifer Curry is the managing editor of the Enterprising Investor. Previously, she was the social media manager at the New York Society of Security Analysts (NYSSA). Prior to her work at NYSSA, Curry worked as the senior project editor for a nonfiction imprint at Barnes & Noble Publishing and as an assistant editor at the H.W. Wilson Company. She is the editor of several volumes in the Reference Shelf series, and her writing has appeared in Smithsonian, IndustryWeek, Barnes & Noble Review, and other publications. Curry holds a BS in journalism and a BA in anthropology from the University of Kansas, and an MA in anthropology from Hunter College, City University of New York.
Jerry H. Tempelman, CFA, is a former senior financial and economic analyst with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
Jim Allen, CFA, is head of Americas capital markets policy at CFA Institute. The capital markets group develops and promotes capital markets positions, policies, and standards.
Joachim Klement, CFA is a trustee of the CFA Institute Research Foundation and Chief Investment Officer of Wellershoff & Partners Ltd. in Zurich, Switzerland. Before joining Wellershoff, Klement was Head of the UBS Wealth Management Strategic Research team and Head of Equity Strategy for UBS Wealth Management. Klement studied mathematics and physics at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland and in Madrid, and graduated with a master’s degree in mathematics. In addition, he holds a master’s degree in economics and finance.
John Bowman, CFA, is managing director and co-lead of education at CFA Institute. Previously, he served as head of Innovation and Product Solutions at CFA Institute, where he crafted and executed the vision for member engagement through multimedia products, social media, mobile delivery, and the MyCFA portal. Prior to joining CFA Institute, Bowman was a fund manager and equity analyst for Mellon Growth Advisors and State Street Global Advisors. He holds a BS in business administration from the University of Mary Washington.
John Rogers, CFA, is the former president and CEO of CFA Institute.

A New Era of Fiduciary Capitalism? Let’s Hope So

Putting Investors First

Five years after the global financial crisis washed over us all, the future of finance is unclear. The debate continues over how to rebuild a financial system that is vibrant and dynamic, that serves society, and that won’t blow up and drag the whole world down every few years. From my perspective, a new era of capitalism is emerging out of the fog. What I define as fiduciary capitalism is gathering strength and needs to become the future of finance. Read more

Julia VanDeren is the career services representative at CFA Institute, where she manages the CFA Institute JobLine and the CFA Institute Career Centre and serves as the subject matter expert in career management skills. Previously, she served CFA Institute in the role of society relations representative, consulting with member societies in the eastern US region. VanDeren holds a BA from the University of Virginia and an MPA from Virginia Commonwealth University.

What to Consider When Starting Your Own Firm

If you’re like many financial professionals, your ultimate career goal might be building your own firm. How do you know if it’s the right move? And, if you think it is, how do you go about getting started? Bestselling author Beverly Flaxington explored some of the essential things you need to think about when you are considering going into the finance business for yourself. Read more

Julia Hammond, CFA, is a director in the Educational Events and Programs group at CFA Institute, where she leads the planning for a number of annual and specialty conferences, including the Fixed-Income Management Conference, Security Analysis Conference, and the Financial Analysts Seminar. Previously, she developed strategies for pension, endowment, and foundation fund clients at Equitable Capital Management (now AllianceBernstein), and she has also worked as an auditor for Coopers & Lybrand (now PricewaterhouseCoopers). Hammond served for a number of years as chair of the investment committee for the Rockbridge Regional Library Foundation. She holds a BS in accounting from the McIntire School of Commerce and an MBA from the Darden School at the University of Virginia.
Larry Cao, CFA, is director of content at CFA Institute, where he serves as a thought leader for Asia-focused content, events, and conferences. Previously, he served as senior client education and product communications manager for the Asia-Pacific region at HSBC. Cao also served as a fixed-income portfolio manager at the People’s Bank of China. He also worked at Munder Capital Management, where he managed US and international equity portfolios, and at Morningstar, where he developed financial planning solutions and managed asset allocation strategies for a global financial institution clientele. Cao was a visiting scholar at the MIT Sloan School of Management and holds an MBA from the University of Notre Dame.

Understanding the TPP: Recommended Reading

The 12 TPP member countries jointly produce 40% of global GDP and represent about 800 million consumers. How will the agreement affect your business? What will be the impact on the companies you invest in? We have put together this primer to help you develop a framework for analysis and zoom in on some of the key issues. Read more

Mr. Kroijer (born 1972) is the author of "Money Mavericks - Confessions of a Hedge Fund Manager" (Financial Times Press – 2010 & 2012 - 2nd edition) and “Investing Demystified – How to Invest without Speculation and Sleepless Nights” (Financial Times Press - 2013). Mr. Kroijer currently serves on the Board of Directors of OVS Capital, Linden Grove Capital, Northlight Capital, Steadview Capital, and Maj sinAI (London, Mumbai/Hong Kong, and Copenhagen based hedge funds), and ShipServ Inc. (the leading online platform for shipping supplies with annual sales of appx $4 billion). He has frequently appeared as a finance expert on a broad range of media, including BBC, CNN, CNBC, Bloomberg, NY Times, Forbes, etc. Previously Mr. Kroijer was the CIO of Holte Capital Ltd, a London-based market neutral special situations hedge fund which he founded in 2002 before returning external capital in the spring of 2008. Prior to establishing Holte Capital, Mr. Kroijer served in the London office of HBK Investments focusing on special situations investing and event-driven arbitrage. In addition, he previously worked at SC Fundamental, a value-focused hedge fund based in New York, and the investment banking division of Lazard Frères in New York. While in graduate school Mr. Kroijer held internships with the private equity firm Permira Advisors (then Schroder Ventures) and management consulting firm McKinsey & Co. Mr. Kroijer graduated Magna cum Laude from Harvard University with a degree in economics and received a MBA from Harvard Business School. A Danish national, Mr. Kroijer lives in London and is married with twin daughters.
Laurel Teo, CFA, is director of society advocacy engagement at CFA Institute. She works with member societies in the Asia-Pacific region to advance awareness and adoption of CFA Institute ethics and standards, as well policy positions on financial market integrity issues.

India’s Infrastructure Investments: Huge Opportunities but No Takers

India’s Infrastructure Investments: Huge Opportunities but No Takers

It’s no secret that big economies poised for rapid growth need robust infrastructure. Without the latter’s proper support, expansion will slow or worse, stall. This need is especially acute in India, where infrastructure development has lagged woefully behind that of the economy. With such pressing demand, there have been plenty of projects up for bidding. But investors are not biting. Read more

Lauren Foster is a content director at CFA Institute, where she focuses on private wealth and behavioral finance. Previously, she worked as a freelance writer for Barron’s and the Financial Times. Prior to her freelance work, Foster was an editor and writer for the FT, where she covered wealth management. She holds a BA in political science from the University of Cape Town, and an MS in journalism from Columbia University. Topical Expertise: Behavioral Finance · Private Wealth Management
Malcolm M. Trevillian is the founder of Chatham Advisors, which provides private wealth management to high-net-worth investors. He is also a member of the investment committee at Verity Asset Management, an investment firm specializing in serving the higher education and non-profit communities. He has 30 years of experience managing portfolios for individuals and institutions. Trevillian holds the Chartered Market Technician and Certified Financial Planner designations. He also served on the CFA Institute Board of Governors and as president of CFA North Carolina. He has also served as an adjunct professor at Duke University.
Manuel Stagars is a serial entrepreneur and financial innovation consultant for corporate and private clients. He holds the Chartered Alternative Investment Analyst (CAIA) and Energy Risk Professional (ERP) designations.

Book Review: The End of Banking


In addition to carefully explaining how the financial sector maneuvered itself into the financial crisis of 2007–08, The End of Banking presents several unconventional ideas to do away with regulatory capital arbitrage that sticks taxpayers with the bill for bankers’ risk taking. It also promises a fairly straightforward policy framework that proposes to reduce shadow banking, decentralize financial services from too-big-to-fail banks, improve regulation, and realign the private and the public sector with transparent monetary policy. Read more

Mark Harrison, CFA, is director of publications at CFA Institute, where he contributes to a suite of publications that includes the Financial Analysts Journal, CFA Digest, and Conference Proceedings Quarterly. He has more than 12 years of investment experience as a portfolio manager and securities analyst. As investment manager of the West Midlands Pension Fund, part of the UK local government pension fund, Harrison managed a portfolio of European equities and had oversight of external managers and hedge fund selection. He is also the author of The Empowered Investor and holds the ASIP designation. Harrison holds BA and MA degrees from the University of Oxford.
Mark K. Bhasin, CFA, is senior vice president of Basis Investment Group, LLC, New York City.

Book Review: The Nature of Value

Nature of Value

Incorporating concepts from evolution and ecology, this lucid and thought-provoking book presents the economy as an evolutionary system on the premise that an understanding of how evolution works in the biological realm provides insight into this process. It will help allocators improve their allocation decisions and will help all investors attain a more robust understanding of the dynamics that create and sustain value. Read more

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Mark S. Rzepczynski is CEO of the Funds Group at FourWinds Capital Management, Boston
Martin Fridson, CFA, is, according to the New York Times, “one of Wall Street’s most thoughtful and perceptive analysts.” The Financial Management Association International named him its Financial Executive of the Year in 2002. In 2000, Fridson became the youngest person ever inducted into the Fixed Income Analysts Society Hall of Fame. He has been a guest lecturer at the graduate business schools of Babson, Columbia, Dartmouth, Duke, Fordham, Georgetown, Harvard, MIT, New York University, Notre Dame, Rutgers, and Wharton, as well as the Amsterdam Institute of Finance. Fridson's writings have been praised widely for their humor, rigor, and utility. He holds a BA in history from Harvard College and an MBA from Harvard Business School.

Matt Dority

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Matt Dority is a Partner and Senior Mathematician at Quantitative Equity Strategies, LLC, where he has nearly a decade of contributions to investment management and research. He focuses on liquid alternative fund strategies and index solutions, including the award-winning Aspen Managed Futures Beta Index. Matt earned his B.A. in Mathematics and Economics (cum laude) and B.S. in Business Administration with Finance emphasis at the University of Colorado at Boulder, where he also completed Quantitative Finance and Technology/Arts/Media (TAM) certificate programs.
Michael A. Martorelli, CFA, is a director at Fairmount Partners, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, and adjunct professor of finance at Philadelphia University.
As Director of Research at Ritholtz Wealth Management, Michael Batnick, CFA, reads research publications and is in charge of the company’s internal research efforts. Batnick is a member of the investment committee, and spends most of his time developing and implementing risk management and portfolio strategies for the firm’s clients. Batnick writes at The Irrelevant Investor blog, where he aims to educate people about investing.
Michael McMillan, CFA, is director of Ethics and Professional Standards at CFA Institute, where he is responsible for creating, sourcing, and developing educational content for CFA Institute members and investment professionals in the area of ethics and professional standards. Previously, he was a professor of accounting and finance at Johns Hopkins University’s Carey School of Business and George Washington University’s School of Business. Prior to his career in academia, McMillan was a securities analyst and portfolio manager at Bailard, Biehl, and Kaiser and at Merus Capital Management. He is a certified public accountant (CPA) and a chartered investment counselor (CIC). McMillan holds a BA from the University of Pennsylvania, an MBA from Stanford University, and a PhD in accounting and finance from George Washington University. Topical Expertise: Financial Statement Analysis · Standards, Ethics, and Regulations (SER)

Supervisory Responsibilities: “See No Evil, Hear No Evil” Won’t Fly

SAC Capital Advisors has agreed to plead guilty to insider trading violations, but owner Steven A. Cohen still faces SEC charges that he failed to “reasonably supervise two of his senior employees who engaged in insider trading under his watch.” These charges should make all investment professionals with supervisory responsibilities stop and think about whether they are “reasonably supervising” their employees. Read more

Michael Oliver Weinberg, CFA, is Chief Investment Strategist at Protégé Partners. He is a senior managing director and a member of the investment, risk, and management committees. He is also an adjunct associate professor of economics and finance at Columbia Business School. Previously, Weinberg headed the global equity business at FRM and served as a portfolio manager at Soros. He also worked at Credit Suisse First Boston and served as a real estate analyst at Dean Witter. Weinberg is an advisory board member for the Stern Investment Management and Research Society, the WoodLake Group, and PeerIQ. He is a member of the Economic Club of New York; the New York Society of Security Analysts; and the Yale, Princeton, and New York University family office councils. Weinberg has written articles for the New York Times, Institutional Investor, and CAIA, and he has been interviewed by the Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times, CNBC, Bloomberg, and Reuters. He holds a BS from New York University and an MBA from Columbia Business School.
Monika Freyman, CFA is a Senior Manager at Ceres where she focuses on corporate sustainability reporting and socially responsible investing. She works with investors both individually, as well as collectively, by leading Ceres' Investor Water Hub on deepening integration of water and ESG (environmental, social and governance) factors into portfolio management processes. She publishes reports providing investors guidance on ESG and water integration best practices or highlighting water issues in high risk sectors. Freyman has also worked as a research consultant for the Initiative for Responsible Investment at Harvard, exploring the roots of the concept of sustainability to inform the Sustainable Accounting Standards Board (SASB). Freyman has a degree in Finance from the University of British Columbia and a Master in Science from Loyola University Chicago.

Liquidity Risks of the H2O Variety

“Whiskey is for drinking; water is for fighting over.” In these increasingly water-constrained times, this quote is as relevant as ever. The fact is water — or the lack of it — poses investor risks. Companies and investors can no longer ignore increasing competition over limited water resources. Read more

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Murad J. Antia, CFA, teaches financial statement analysis and investments at the University of South Florida, Tampa.
Nathan Jaye, CFA, is a speaker on intelligence and a member of CFA Society San Francisco.
Nitin Mehta, CFA, is managing director for Europe, Middle East, and Africa operations at CFA Institute. He is based in London.
Padma Venkat, CFA, is former director of capital markets policy at CFA Institute. She is responsible for promoting CFA Institute standards, policies, and positions in the Asia-Pacific region.

Pat Light

24 Posts
Pat Light is an assistant editor at CFA Institute. Before joining the CFA Institute editorial staff, he worked as a teacher. Light has a BA in English from Duke University.

Paul McCaffrey

20 Posts
Paul McCaffrey is an associate social media editor at CFA Institute. Previously, he served as an editor at the H.W. Wilson Company. His writing has appeared in Financial Planning and DailyFinance, among other publications. He holds a BA in English from Vassar College and an MA in journalism from the City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate School of Journalism.
Paul Smith, CFA, is president and CEO of CFA Institute. He has more than 25 years of relevant financial services leadership experience in many aspects of the investment management industry.
Peter Lazaroff, CFA, is a Wealth Manager at Plancorp based in St. Louis. Peter writes the Plancorp’s bi-monthly newsletter and is a regular contributor to their blog. Peter is a CFA Charterholder and CFP® certificant. He holds a BA in economics and management with a minor in business administration from DePauw University.

Peter M.J. Gross

14 Posts
Peter M.J. Gross is an online content specialist for CFA Institute, where he manages blogs for the CFA Institute Annual Conference, European Investment Conference, and Middle East Investment Conference. Previously, he worked at Hampton Roads Publishing Company and at MFS Investment Management. Gross’s writing has appeared in The Finance Professionals’ Post and The Hook. He earned the Claritas™ Investment Certificate and holds a BA degree from Connecticut College.
Prasad Ramani, CFA, is Director, Portfolio Risk & Quantitative Analytics at a major family office based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, where he is responsible for developing, managing and monitoring the investment risk and reporting framework for the overall portfolio. He is also a key subject matter adviser on quantitative techniques to optimize strategic asset allocation and assist with portfolio management. Ramani has over 13 years of experience in quantitative risk and portfolio management, financial modeling and programming. He is a Certified Financial Risk Manager (FRM) with the Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP). Ramani holds an MS in quantitative and computational finance (QCF) from the Georgia Institute of Technology.
Rebecca Fender, CFA, is head of the Future of Finance initiative at CFA Institute, a long-term global effort to shape a trustworthy, forward-thinking financial industry that better serves society. The initiative features publications, events, media campaigns, tools, and other communications for financial professionals, policymakers, and the general public. Previously, she worked in the Education Division at CFA Institute, developing conference agendas and recruiting speakers, including overseeing the flagship Annual Conference. Prior to joining CFA Institute, Fender was a vice president at BlackRock, and she also worked at Cambridge Associates. She holds an AB in economics from Princeton University and an MBA from the Darden School at the University of Virginia.

What’s Your Competitive Advantage?

As investment professionals, we spend a lot of time honing our analytical skills and keeping up to date on the latest market developments. But the other role many of us play is that of a communicator, one who effectively explains to prospective clients why we will serve them well. This is a competitive business, so clients want to know what makes us different from the thousands of other investment firms out there. Read more

Robert Gowen, CFA, is Head of Product Solutions at CFA Institute, where he oversees a team of content directors that contribute daily to Enterprising Investor. Prior to joining CFA Institute, he worked in the institutional investment industry for BB&T and Fidelity Investments. Gowen earned a BA in economics from Washington University in St. Louis and an MBA from the Darden School at the University of Virginia.
Robert R. Mudra, CFA is a senior-level financial, regulatory and investment executive with deep expertise in the energy / utility industry. Mudra drives investment growth by consulting and publishing on energy and sustainable, responsible and impact investing (SRI) while providing comprehensive analysis of environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues. He currently serves on the Foundation Board of Directors for Marianjoy Rehabilitation Hospital in Wheaton, Illinois.
Robert Stammers, CFA, is director of Investor Education at CFA Institute, which includes management of the Inside Investing Blog. Previously, he was the principal for his founded company A2O Consulting where he consulted to aide real estate owners, lenders, and syndicators, develop and analyze structured real estate investments. There, Stammers developed strategy for obtaining debt and preferred equity capital as well as created finance-related marketing materials and research papers for various clients. He has written more than 100 articles on various financial and investment topics for several investment periodicals, such as Forbes and Investopedia. Stammers served as a senior equity analyst at Long Term Short Term, Inc, where he was responsible for the creation of new investment tools and instructional products to provide the revenues for two new investment education companies. As a senior executive for several institutional fund managers, he was the portfolio manager for a real estate fund, a private timber fund, and several pension fund separate accounts. Stammers holds a BA in economics from Connecticut College and an MBA from Emory University.
Robin Powell is a journalist campaigning for the interest of individual investors. He blogs as The Evidence-Based Investor.

UK Active Fund Managers: Analyzing Their Value

UK Active Fund Managers: Analyzing Their Value

Every day investors are inundated with noise — almost all of it irrelevant — about what they should do. Then, when there really is something important — information that will genuinely help you achieve better returns — it often gets drowned out. Such is the case with a recent study on the merits of active fund management. Read more

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Rodney Sullivan, CFA, is former head of publications at CFA Institute and editor of the Financial Analysts Journal. He was previously director of research at Trigon Healthcare, Inc. (now Anthem Healthcare, Inc.), where he oversaw portfolio strategy and execution that included asset allocation, risk analytics, and equity and fixed-income portfolio management. He holds a BS and an MA from Virginia Commonwealth University.

Roger Mitchell

3 Posts
Ron Rimkus, CFA, is a content director at CFA Institute, where he focuses on economics and alternative investments. Previously, he served as CEO at the online technology company he founded, Chaos Management, Inc. Prior to founding Chaos Management, Rimkus served as director of large-cap equity products for BB&T Asset Management, where he led a team of research analysts, regional portfolio managers, client service specialists, and marketing staff. He also served as a senior vice president and lead portfolio manager of large-cap equity products at Mesirow Financial. Rimkus earned a bachelor of arts holds a BA in economics from Brown University and an MBA from the UCLA Anderson School of Management. Topical Expertise: Alternative Investments · Economics

Ron Surz

1 Post
Ronald J. Surz is president and CEO of PPCA Inc. and its division, Target Date Solutions. He is a pension consulting veteran, having started with A.G. Becker in the 1970's. Surz earned an MBA in Finance at the University of Chicago and an MS in Applied Mathematics at the University of Illinois.
Ronald L. Moy, CFA, is associate professor of finance at Tobin College of Business, St. John's University, Staten Island, New York.

Sam Del Rowe

16 Posts
Samuel Lum, CFA, is director of Private Wealth and Capital Markets at CFA Institute. He focuses on wealth management and capital markets, mainly in an Asia- Pacific context. Lum's current research and development interests include investment policy, asset allocation, exchange-traded funds and products, indexing methodologies, family office and governance issues, alternative assets, and risk management. He has more than 20 years of professional experience in the investment industry, encompassing investment portfolio management at Hutchison Whampoa, a global conglomerate based in Hong Kong; wealth management in the trust division of the TD Bank Financial Group, covering the Asian markets; investment portfolio management, fund and treasury management, corporate finance, and capital markets research at the treasury division of the Ontario Hydro Corporation; and securities brokerage in an online financial services joint venture of subsidiaries of Credit Suisse and Hutchison Whampoa. Lum holds the CAIA, FRM, and TEP professional designations. He also holds an MBA degree. Topical Expertise: Portfolio Management · Private Wealth Management
Santiago Padua, CFA is an Investment Analyst at Pegasus, a private equity and real estate investment fund, in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Before joining Pegasus, Santiago worked as a Senior Consultant at Ernst & Young and also as a Senior Research Analyst at Crisil Global Research and Analytics (formerly named Crisil Irevna Argentina S.A.), both based in Buenos Argentina. Santiago earned his CFA charter in 2012 and finished his undergraduate studies at Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (Mendoza, Argentina).
Scott Fearon, CFA, is founder and president of the hedge fund Crown Capital Management. He is also the author of Dead Companies Walking: How a Hedge Fund Manager Finds Value in Unexpected Places, which chronicles his 30 years of experience in the investment management industry. Fearon holds a BA from Stanford University and an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University.

Is It Time to Stock Up on Struggling Retailers?

Is It Time to Stock Up on Struggling Retailers?

Many retailers enjoyed a robust holiday season. Investors looking to capitalize on these glad tidings might be tempted to consider some of the bargain stocks in the sector, especially those that have faltered in recent years, such as JC Penney (JCP) and Sears (SHLD), or even deeply troubled firms, such as RadioShack (RSH) and Wet Seal (WTSL). Not to play the Grinch, but history suggests this would be a terrible idea. Read more

Scott Krisiloff, CFA, is the CEO of Avondale Asset Management, an independent investment advisory firm located in Los Angeles. Krisiloff is the author of the firm's blog, Company Notes.

The C-Suite Speaks: Black Friday Forebodings?

Last week the first batch of retailers reported weak earnings, but the group was primarily composed of apparel and department stores, which may just be fighting industry headwinds. This week we heard from retailers in other categories and the commentary was better, though still mixed. Overall the consumer looks healthy on paper but doesn’t seem too excited about spending money. Read more

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Sergei Gorbunov is with Scarsdale Equities LLC, an institutional broker/dealer based in New York. He focuses on economic and investment analyses. Mr. Gorbunov joined the firm in July 2012 after retiring from a 20+ year career at the United Nations. Prior to joining the UN, Sergei spent more than 15 years with the Russian Academy of Sciences. He graduated in 1972 summa cum laude from Financial University, Moscow, Russia, with MSc in finance. He received a Ph.D. in economics in 1977, and a Doctorate Degree in economics in 1988, both from the Russian Academy of Sciences. Mr. Gorbunov is the author of three books, several book chapters and almost two hundred articles published in various economic and financial journals. He holds CFA designation and is a member of the New York Society of Security Analysts and the CFA Institute. He was born and raised in Moscow, Russia.
Shreenivas Kunte, CFA, is director of content at CFA Institute, where he contributes financial market insights about India and the developed world. Previously, he taught at and managed SP Jain’s Trade and Applied Research lab, which he helped found. Kunte also served as a country trading strategist at Citigroup’s Tokyo office. He actively contributes to the development sector in India and is an external research scholar at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.
Simon Lack, CFA, is founder of SL Advisors, LLC. Previously, he worked at JPMorgan, where he sat on the investment committee and founded the JPMorgan Incubator Funds, two private equity vehicles that took economic stakes in emerging hedge fund managers. Lack is the author of The Hedge Fund Mirage: The Illusion of Big Money and Why It’s Too Good to Be True and Bonds Are Not Forever: The Crisis Facing Fixed Income Investors. He serves as vice chair of the Market Integrity Committee of the New York Society of Security Analysts.
Stephen Horan, CFA, CIPM, is managing director and co-lead of education at CFA Institute. Prior to joining CFA Institute, he was a principal of Alesco Advisors LLC, a financial analyst and forensic economist in private practice, and a professor of finance at St. Bonaventure University. Horan co-authored The New Wealth Management: A Financial Advisor’s Guide to Managing and Investing Client Assets, a how-to guide for financial advisers; edited the volume Private Wealth: Wealth Management in Practice, a practitioner’s guide to wealth management; and has published three editions of the Forbes/CFA Institute Stock Market Course, a comprehensive guide to personal investing and wealth management. He is also the author of dozens of articles in leading peer-reviewed journals and has written for the CFA Program curriculum. Horan is a frequent columnist in Financial Times and an associate editor for the Financial Services Review and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Wealth Management. He holds a BBA in finance with a minor in mathematics from St. Bonaventure University and a PhD in finance with a minor in economics from the State University of New York at Buffalo. Topical Expertise: Private Wealth Management
Stewart Mader was the director of social media and online engagement at CFA Institute, where he oversaw efforts to reach journalists, legislators, policymakers, and investment professionals who play essential roles in shaping the direction of the financial services industry. He helped launch the Enterprising Investor, established the organization’s growing use of social media campaigns, and he lead a global team with staff in New York, London, and Hong Kong. He is the author of Wikipatterns (Wiley, 2008), a practical guide to improving productivity and collaboration in organizations. He holds a BS in chemistry from the University of Hartford and an MS in curriculum development and instructional technology from the State University of New York at Albany.
Susan Hoover is a project administrator at CFA Institute and part of the team managing the CFA Institute Enterprising Investor and Annual Conference blogs. Previously, she worked for McCallum & Kudravetz, PC and the U.S. Department of the Navy. Hoover earned the Claritas™ Investment Certificate and holds a BA degree from Lehigh University and a JD degree from the Washington College of Law, American University.
Sverre Rørvik Nilsen is a financial entrepreneur working out of Oslo, Norway. He runs two financial startups: One is a trading platform; the other a newswire. Nilsen also consults for a number of different clients. He has a weekly webshow with Howard Lindzon at Stocktwits.
Tadas Viskanta is the founder and editor of Abnormal Returns. He is also the author of Abnormal Returns: Winning Strategies from the Frontlines of the Investment Blogosphere, which culls lessons learned from his time blogging.

Essential Listening: Concrete Discussions

Essential Listening: Concrete Discussions

The state of podcasting today in many ways parallels that of blogging in 2004, says Joshua Benton of NiemanLab. If things play out as they did in 2004, he sees the world of podcasting becoming increasingly professionalized and podcast producers growing in stature and size. By and large, Benton believes this will be a net positive for listeners. Read more

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Ted Seides, CFA

10 Posts
Ted Seides, CFA, is the president and co-CIO at Protégé Partners, LLC, a leading alternative investment firm launched in 2002 that invests in small and specialized hedge funds on an arms-length and seed basis. Ted began his career under the tutelage of David Swensen at the Yale University Investments Office, where he focused on external public equity managers and internal fixed-income portfolio management. Seides spent two years investing directly in public and private markets before co-founding Protégé in 2001. He has written investment pieces for Institutional Investor, Harvard Business School Publishing, CFA Institute Conference Proceedings Quarterly, FT Alphaville, and the late Peter L. Bernstein’s “Economics and Portfolio Strategy.” Seides serves on the board of trustees of the Greenwich Roundtable and is a trustee and member of the investment committee at the Wenner-Gren Foundation. He also is a member of the Founder’s Circle of Cycle for Survival. Seides holds a BA in economics and political science from Yale University and an MBA from Harvard Business School.
Thomas Collimore, CFA, is head of industry relations at CFA Institute. Previously, he managed the investor education group. Before joining CFA Institute, Collimore served as managing director of investor relations at CIFG Holding, a group of bond insurance companies based in Paris and Bermuda. He also served as adjunct professor of finance at the College of Insurance, now St. John's University School of Risk Management, Insurance and Actuarial Science. Collimore holds a bachelor’s degree in foreign service, with a concentration in international finance and commerce, from Georgetown University and an MBA, with a finance concentration, from the New York University Stern School of Business.
Tom Walek has been involved in financial services, asset management and alternative investments communications throughout his career. An honors graduate of the University of Colorado School of Journalism, Tom started as a financial journalist covering the global expansion of derivatives and capital markets from the trading floors of the Chicago futures exchanges. In 1998, he founded Walek & Associates, which was acquired by Peppercomm in 2013. Today, Tom directs strategy and programming for Peppercomm’s capital markets and financial services clients. He has been honored to receive many awards, the most recent being the 2015 Award for Outstanding Contribution to Hedge Fund Communications from The Hedge Fund Journal.
Tim Nuding, CFA is the Chief Executive of Prosperity Capital Services LLP, a firm that provides research and consulting services for alternative investments. Tim is also the Founder of the Hedge Fund Research Club, sponsored by the CFA Society of the UK and CAIA London chapter. Tim formerly managed international asset management and investment banking businesses for Citibank and Dresdner Bank in the UK and Japan. He received his CFA charter in 2000 and is active in the CFA Society of the UK and the CFA Institute.

Is Leverage Good or Bad?

If we define financial leverage as the process of borrowing capital to make an investment with the expectation that the profits made from the investment will be greater than the interest on the debt, then what makes it good versus bad? Read more

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Todd Jankowski, CFA, is head of the Certificate in Investment Performance Measurement (CIPM) program at CFA Institute. He oversees all CIPM program activities, with emphasis on advancing ethical standards and best practices in investment performance evaluation and presentation activities. Previously, Jankoswki spent 12 years at Northwestern Mutual and, most recently, he was head of investment research in the wealth management division, where earlier, he had held investment management positions in the institutional private placement and retail advisory divisions. He has also worked as senior financial analyst for Helling Realty & Investment Company and as an internal revenue agent with the US federal tax authority. Jankowski previously served as a member of the GIPS Investment Performance Council, on the CFA Program Candidate Curriculum Committee Working Body, as a CFA exam grader, and in various executive-level board positions for the CFA Society of Milwaukee. He holds a certificate in distance education from Indiana University, a BBA with a major in accounting and a minor in chemistry from the University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh, and an MBA from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee. Topical Expertise: Performance Measurement

Take 15 Series: Selecting and Implementing a Fixed-Income Attribution System

Performance attribution has become a standard requirement for institutional clients. This episode discusses practical issues selecting and implementing a fixed-income attribution system. The method requires a great deal of data and high-quality data management systems, but it could be the basis for a standard method of performance attribution in the fixed-income market. Read more

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Tom Brakke, CFA

3 Posts
Tom Brakke, CFA, helps investment firms and the buyers of their services to improve decision processes and effectively communicate their ideas internally and externally. At times during his career, Tom has been an analyst, portfolio manager, director of research, creator of investment products, professor, and consultant (including for the Global Research Analyst Settlement). Brakker writes extensively about the business on his blog about the research puzzle and his newsletter, The Prudent Fiduciary Digest.
Tony Tan, CFA, is head of the Standards and Financial Market Integrity division at CFA Institute in the Asia-Pacific region. He is responsible for leading CFA Institute efforts in advocacy, policy development, and regulatory outreach in the APAC region. Tan holds a DBA degree.
Usman Hayat, CFA, is director of Islamic Finance and ESG at CFA Institute, where he focuses on Islamic finance and socially responsible investing. Previously, he worked as an independent consultant in the capital market in Pakistan in the areas of market development and risk management for clients, including the securities regulator, stock exchanges, clearing company, and the securities depository. Hayat has been an active columnist on capital market issues. He has earned the Financial Risk Manager designation from the Global Association of Risk Professionals, the Islamic Finance Qualification from the UK Securities and Investment Institute, and a Certificate in Islamic Finance from the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Hayat holds an MBA from Lahore University of Management Sciences and an MA in development economics from University of Sussex. Topical Expertise: Islamic Finance and ESG Investing

Has Global Debt Become Unsustainable?

During the global financial crisis, excessive debt was the principal disease. It also turned out to be the principal cure. Whether it was called quantitative easing (QE) or something else, it all meant the same thing: increased debt — both in absolute terms and relative to GDP. Read more

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Vikram Mansharamani is an experienced global equity investor and lecturer at Yale University. He is also the author of Boombustology: Spotting Financial Bubbles Before They Burst and is a regular commentator in the financial and business media, having contributed to Bloomberg, MarketWatch, CNBC, Forbes, Fortune, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Atlantic, Yale Global, the South China Morning Post, the Korea Times, the Khaleej Times, Harvard Business Review, and the Daily Beast, among others. Mansharamani holds a BA from Yale University, an MS in Political Science from MIT, and an MS and a PhD from the Sloan School of Management.
Brad McMillan, CFA, is the chief investment officer at Commonwealth Financial Network, a private independent broker/dealer, where he also leads the retirement consulting division. McMillan holds the CAIA, MAI, and AIF professional certifications. He holds a BA from Dartmouth College, an MS in real estate development from MIT, and a BS in finance from Boston College.
After serving as a Captain in the United States Marine Corps, Wesley R. Gray received a PhD, and was a finance professor at Drexel University. Dr. Gray’s interest in entrepreneurship and behavioral finance led him to found Alpha Architect, a research-driven firm that advises Active ETFs (ValueShares) and managed accounts for family offices and high-net-worth individuals. Dr. Gray earned an MBA and a PhD in finance from the University of Chicago and graduated magna cum laude with a BS from The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.

Will Morrison

1 Post
Will Morrison is manager, business analytics and reporting, at CFA Institute. Previously, he was an engineer at GE, specializing in robotic path planning. Morrison has earned the Claritas Investment Certificate. He holds a BA in computer science from Goucher College, a BS in electrical engineering from the Johns Hopkins University, and a masters of systems engineering from the University of Virginia.
Will Ortel is a researcher and content manager at CFA Institute. He's been employed as an investor since age 19 and joined the full time staff of CFA Institute in 2010.