Practical analysis for investment professionals
11 December 2013

How to Manage Your Money: What to Do If You Think You Have an Edge

Posted In: Philosophy

Some readers will think my prior two posts — where I explained the concept of “edge” and explained how much it would cost to have one — are a load of rubbish.

It may be that such readers consider themselves among the sophisticated investors who can outperform the market.

You may be in the very small minority of people where this is the case, but if you are going to claim an edge and actively manage your own portfolio, I would encourage you to consider a few things:

  • Be clear about why you have an edge to beat the market, and be sure you are not guilty of selective memory. Unlike predicting the winner of Saturday’s football game, predicting that Google would double when it later did makes us appear wise and informed. Perhaps we are subconsciously more likely to remember that than when we proclaimed Enron would be a doubler. Because we add and take money out of our accounts continuously, we are unlikely to keep track of our exact performance and can continue the delusion indefinitely.
  • Do not trade frequently. If you turn over your portfolio more than once per year, you should have a really good reason to do so. The all-in costs of trading are high and greatly reduce long-term returns.
  • Regardless of whether you have an edge or not, be sure to think a lot about risk levels, taxes, liquidity, and how your investment portfolio correlates with the rest of your assets and liabilities.
  • Do not start panicking if things go against you.
  • You may decide you have an edge in one sector, geography, or asset class. That’s fine. Do exploit this edge, but also make sure it does not lead to undue geographic or sector concentration and investing like someone without an edge in the rest of your portfolio.
  • Continuously reconsider your edge. There is no shame and likely good money in acknowledging that you belong to the vast majority of people who don’t have an edge. Investors who initially do well in the markets will often think it was skill rather than luck based on that first experience. Many reconsider later…

The cost of the time spent managing the portfolio varies from individual to individual (we all value our time differently), and while some consider it a fun hobby or game akin to betting even, others consider it a chore they would rather avoid.

Edge can take many forms

Although the discussion above may suggest that having an edge involves picking winning stocks or successful active managers only, there are many ways investors implicitly claim an edge in their investments, often without having it. For example:

  • Will mid-caps outperform large caps?
  • Will Buffett continue his outperformance?
  • Will emerging markets outperform developed markets over the next decade?
  • Will tech stocks do better than financial stocks?
  • Will Germany outperform the United Kingdom?

Similarly, the discussion of edge is not exclusive to stock markets. You can have an investment edge in many things other than the stock market and profit greatly from that edge. For example:

  • Will Greece default on its loans?
  • Will the price of oil increase further?
  • Will the USD/GBP exchange rate reach 2 again?
  • Will the property market increase/decrease?
  • Will interest rates remain low?
  • The list goes on.

Investing without edge

For someone to accept that they don’t have an edge is a key “aha” moment in their investing lives. Perhaps without knowing it at first, that person will be much better off as a result. At this point, you are hopefully at least considering a couple of things:

  1. Edge is hard to achieve, and it is important to be realistic about whether you have it.
  2. Conceding edge is a sensible and very liberating conclusion for most investors. It makes life a lot easier (and wealthier) to acknowledge that you can’t better the aggregate knowledge of a market swamped with thousands of experts who study any given security as well as the wider markets.

Once you have conceded edge, you are unfortunately not done. In fact, you have only arrived at the starting point and begun your journey as an investor who has conceded edge.

There is every chance that you will be a far wealthier investor as a result of this. For the edgeless investor, it makes sense to pick the most diversified and cheapest portfolio of world equities and combine that with some government and potentially corporate bonds through index tracking and cheap products to suit your risk and tax profile.

Do this while considering your non-investment assets/liabilities, time horizon of investment, and a few other things, and you are doing extremely well. Once you embrace that you don’t have an edge, it is fortunately pretty intuitive and really not that difficult to put together a simple and powerful investment portfolio. More on that in the next blog post!

If you liked this post, don’t forget to subscribe to the Enterprising Investor.

Editor’s Note: You can read more about lars’ philosophy in his recent book, Investing Demystified, which is available on Amazon and elsewhere.

Please note that the content of this site should not be construed as investment advice, nor do the opinions expressed necessarily reflect the views of CFA Institute.

Photo credit: ©

About the Author(s)
Lars Kroijer

Mr. Kroijer (born 1972) is the author of "Money Mavericks - Confessions of a Hedge Fund Manager" (Financial Times Press – 2010 & 2012 - 2nd edition) and “Investing Demystified – How to Invest without Speculation and Sleepless Nights” (Financial Times Press - 2013). Mr. Kroijer currently serves on the Board of Directors of OVS Capital, Linden Grove Capital, Northlight Capital, Steadview Capital, and Maj sinAI (London, Mumbai/Hong Kong, and Copenhagen based hedge funds), and ShipServ Inc. (the leading online platform for shipping supplies with annual sales of appx $4 billion). He has frequently appeared as a finance expert on a broad range of media, including BBC, CNN, CNBC, Bloomberg, NY Times, Forbes, etc. Previously Mr. Kroijer was the CIO of Holte Capital Ltd, a London-based market neutral special situations hedge fund which he founded in 2002 before returning external capital in the spring of 2008. Prior to establishing Holte Capital, Mr. Kroijer served in the London office of HBK Investments focusing on special situations investing and event-driven arbitrage. In addition, he previously worked at SC Fundamental, a value-focused hedge fund based in New York, and the investment banking division of Lazard Frères in New York. While in graduate school Mr. Kroijer held internships with the private equity firm Permira Advisors (then Schroder Ventures) and management consulting firm McKinsey & Co. Mr. Kroijer graduated Magna cum Laude from Harvard University with a degree in economics and received a MBA from Harvard Business School. A Danish national, Mr. Kroijer lives in London and is married with twin daughters.

1 thought on “How to Manage Your Money: What to Do If You Think You Have an Edge”

  1. Pingback: Bamboo Innovator
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. more information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.