Practical analysis for investment professionals
03 March 2017

Weekend Reads from India: Social Choices, Intolerance, and Buybacks

Posted In: Weekend Reads

Elections are never easy. Unlike with economic decisions, the social choices they involve multiply the complexity of individual behavioral biases.

Voting is an amalgamation of individual biases. Time and again, election results that run counter to popular sentiment exemplify the irrationality involved in voting-based collective decisions.

Nobel laureate Kenneth Arrow’s impossibility theorem demonstrates how social choice mechanisms almost always lead to imperfect outcomes. Yet democracy has been a persistent guiding light across the globe and the most successful political system to date for achieving peace as well as prosperity.

Democratic values and elections are special in India. Consider this: One of India’s 29 states conducts as many as 5,800 elections every year. The sheer volume of voting opportunities spread out over the year provides the sort of robust pluralism that is critical for a successful democracy.

Not that there aren’t any misgivings. Just this week, the president of a globally acclaimed financial newspaper raised an interesting question: What is India’s religious future?

Religion in itself rarely interferes with financial market mechanisms. This holds not only for India, but also for many parts of the developing and developed world.

But what role does intolerance play?

Intolerance motivates extreme beliefs and springs from deep emotional and cognitive flaws. Today there is a growing concern as to how far the tolerance needle has swung in many parts of the developed world.

Whether in the United States, France, Hungary, the Netherlands, or Australia, leaders are embracing more closed-world policies.

The restrictions on H-1B visas instituted by the US have had direct consequences for India’s information technology (IT) sector. Simply put, some of India’s information technology firms have been making money through an arbitrage on labor costs. A potential H-1B visa restriction is expected to have a direct impact on the earnings of these companies. Through January, India’s technology stocks wiped out about $7.5 billion in market capitalization.

There are a couple of silver linings, however. Some believe this could be an opportunity for India’s IT companies to reinvent themselves and to focus on long-term and sustainable products and services.

The other saving grace for shareholders of IT stock is the ensuing wave of buybacks. TCS, India’s biggest technology company, announced a buyback of $2.4 billion, the highest by any Indian company. But as points out, buybacks may increase a company’s value, but they are never a magic bullet.

Here are some of the links that I found interesting. Happy reading and enjoy the weekend.

Finance and Markets


Religion and Social Choice Theory

Fun Stuff

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All posts are the opinion of the author. As such, they should not be construed as investment advice, nor do the opinions expressed necessarily reflect the views of CFA Institute or the author’s employer.

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About the Author(s)
Shreenivas Kunte, CFA, CIPM

Shreenivas Kunte, CFA, CIPM, is director of content at CFA Institute, where he contributes financial market insights about India and the developed world. Previously, he taught at and managed SP Jain’s Trade and Applied Research lab, which he helped found. Kunte also served as a country trading strategist at Citigroup’s Tokyo office. He actively contributes to the development sector in India and is an external research scholar at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay.

Ethics Statement

Beyond the easier to understand, important codes of conduct, “Ethics” for me is awareness; an endeavor for right thought and action.

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