Practical analysis for investment professionals
07 September 2022

ESG Criteria: Global Asset Managers Expand Their Embrace

The number of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) benchmarks and indexes demanded by the asset management community has grown at an unprecedented rate over the past two years. That’s according to our latest survey of Index Industry Association (IIA) members. Unpacking these high-level numbers, ESG indexes have expanded beyond more traditional areas of integration into new asset classes and strategies.

The IIA queries our membership each fall in our annual benchmark survey to understand where the index industry’s growth is coming from. Last fall, the IIA found the number of ESG indexes increased 85% over the last two years. In response, we conducted additional surveys of the global asset manager community in 2021 and 2022 to confirm that index providers are meeting the ESG needs of the investment community, assessing the impact, and monitoring potential impediments to growth.

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That’s what makes the results of our most recent ESG Global Asset Manager Survey so interesting. Conducted earlier this year, the survey queried 300 investment fund companies across Europe and the United States. It found that amid geopolitical conflict, rising interest rates in many countries, a 40-year high in inflation, and now recession fears, the influence of sustainable investment factors on the global market ecosystem has continued to accelerate.

In fact, our survey found that ESG factors are even more important to global asset managers today than they were a year ago. A full 85% of asset managers reported that ESG has become a larger priority within their company’s overall investment strategy in the past year.

Overall, Has ESG Become More or Less of a Priority within Your Company’s Overall Investment Strategy over the Past 12 Months (By Geography)

Chart showing Overall, Has ESG Become More or Less of a Priority within Your Company's Overall Investment Strategy over the Past 12 Months (By Geography)

To be sure, given extensive media coverage of ESG and its aggressive promotion by asset managers, these results may not be all that surprising. So, we dug deeper on our next question and asked asset managers to quantify the integration of ESG considerations into their portfolios. We wanted to understand what asset managers believe the future state of asset management will look like. Expectations around ESG portfolio percentages within the next 12 months jumped more than 13% over last year’s survey. Moreover, within 10 years, asset managers expect 64.2% of their portfolios will contain ESG elements. These double-digit percentage increases over last year’s results extend across every time horizon surveyed.

Approximately What Percentage of Your Asset Management Portfolios in Your Firm Do You Expect Will Contain ESG Elements in the Future?

Weighted Average2021 Survey2022 Survey
12 Months from Now26.7%40.0%
2 to 3 Years from Now35.0%48.2%
5 Years from Now43.6%57.4%
10 Years from Now52.3%64.2%
Base: All Respondents (300)

ESG integration has become so widespread that sustainable investment approaches have expanded beyond equities into other asset classes. The percentage of investors implementing ESG factors in their allocations to fixed income shot up to 76% this year, from 42% just a year ago. In fact, ESG integration in all asset classes grew year-over-year, with the most expansion in fixed income. This trend shows no signs of slowing: Over 80% of global asset managers expect the use of ESG criteria in all major asset classes to increase in the next 12 months. 

What explains these results? Based on conversations with market participants, I believe better data has led to better ratings and more research and development in fixed income, which in turn has created greater impetus to incorporate sustainable investing across asset classes and portfolio holdings.

In Which Asset Classes Does Your Company Currently Implement ESG Criteria?

Fixed Income/Bonds42%76%
Base: All Respondents (300)

That conclusion isn’t purely anecdotal: More than 9 out of 10 survey respondents agreed that environmental impact, social sustainability, and corporate governance tracking tools, metrics, and services were either highly or fairly effective. That’s up significantly from 66% in 2021.

Of course, given concerns about greenwashing and disparate data across the E, S, and G, this result seems optimistic. To date, environmental data is more quantifiable and directly measurable than social and governance data. Within “E” ratings, agencies can standardize how emissions are measured across various jurisdictions, for example. By contrast, privacy issues make some social data difficult if not impossible to collect. More fundamentally, not every country or culture, let alone individual, agrees on what the specific social priorities ought to be.

But the survey responses do indicate something of a paradox: Fund managers are giving broadly equal weight to the E, S, and G components even as their attitudinal comments suggest that environmental concerns are more top of mind at this stage of ESG development. In fact, 78% of respondents said that “environmental criteria should always be given priority over social and governance criteria.”

Which of the Following Best Describes How Each of the Elements of ESG Are Incorporated into Portfolios?

Chart showing Which of the Following Best Describes How Each of the Elements of ESG Are Incorporated into Portfolios?

Even in a year of economic and geopolitical challenges, global asset managers believe demand for ESG investing will accelerate and expand further into more asset classes. This raises a number of questions: Will there be enough data to support rising demand for ESG-oriented indexes and tools? Will a global consensus develop on more than just the “E” in ESG? That is, will sufficient insights be developed on social and governance criteria? These are issues we will be sure to monitor in our discussions with global asset managers in the coming years.

This is the sixth installment of a series from the Index Industry Association (IIA). The IIA is celebrating its 10th anniversary in 2022. For more information, visit the IIA website at

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All posts are the opinion of the author. As such, they should not be construed as investment advice, nor do the opinions expressed necessarily reflect the views of CFA Institute or the author’s employer.

Image credit: ©Getty Images/enjoynz

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About the Author(s)
Rick Redding, CFA

Rick Redding, CFA, is the chief executive officer at Index Industry Association (IIA), the first-ever trade group for independent index providers globally. Prior to his role with IIA, Redding served as managing director and in various senior positions guiding product innovation at CME Group.

5 thoughts on “ESG Criteria: Global Asset Managers Expand Their Embrace”

  1. Goodwill says:

    Great post. It was very informative and i get to know more about ESG.Keep up the good work

  2. John Whaley says:

    I suspect ESG will be an area ripe for litigation in the next few years, deservedly so.

  3. Jim Hamilton says:

    I also think that ESG will be an area ripe for litigation and it appears to have started. Attorney Generals from 19 states have made public their allegations of breach of fiduciary duty and breach of antitrust legislation by BlackRock. The lengthy letter is quite detailed as to the facts and the law. It is doubtful that the BlackRock response, from the PR department, will satisfy the concerns of the Attorney Generals.

  4. Kyle says:

    ESG is often promoted as a means of investing and producing higher returns while doing good. Yet, that seldom holds up to testing, whether looking at real life cases, or when subject to empirical testing.

    For instance, if I had used ESG as a screening criteria, then I likely would have been invested in firms that were heavily invested in Russia prior to the start of the conflict in Ukraine. Likewise, I would have likely been substantially underweighted in the only sector that has generated positive investor returns over the past year – dirty energy with it’s low ESG ratings.

    In empirical tests, ESG often looks promising. However, after controlling for industry affiliation, and company fundamentals, ESG quite often becomes statistically insignificant as an explanatory variable for investment returns or company valuation.

    Call me cynical, but I’ll take Milton Friedman any day – let the firms do what they do best, and have government inact legislation that sets the conditions (E,S, and G) under which we want firms to operate. Otherwise, you’ll get greenwashing by firms and virtue signalling by poor performaning investment managers who shrug off poor fund performance with claims that the fund’s investments have so many other preferable socially acceptable characteristics.

  5. Phibion says:

    Insightful report. I will use some of the anecdotes in my work.

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